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I’d be willing to bet that just about all of us who are hunters, or at least, self-identify as hunters. (see what I did there?) We probably got our start hunting small game. We were likely pretty young and were using small caliber or gauge firearms under the watchful eye of our elders.

Now, this may not be how everyone got their start in hunting. As our ranks are now swelling with younger adults on up to thirty-somethings who have never hunted before. They may have come from a family that did not support hunting. Perhaps an indifferent family who happened to be in a more urban landscape which made hunting much more inconvenient or difficult.  Many of these new hunters are women who may or may not have come from hunting families but who have only recently become interested in the practice. Either way, it’s all good news for the hunting community.

All of these new hunters entering the field have blown a breath of new life into the age-old practice of small game hunting. You see, these new hunters also need a place to start. However, this is not to imply that small game hunting is only for the young or newly initiated!

SMALL GAME SAFARIYes, it’s true that small game hunting is a great way for a new hunter to hone some basic skills. No doubts there. However, there are many other reasons to participate in such hunts. In addition to honing skills, there is the relaxation aspect to consider. This hunting is pretty low stress. It is generally conducted in nice weather. Often it is not very physically demanding, success rates are high, and the price of doing such hunting is low. In other words, with nothing on the line but a good time, hunters can spend more time thinking about the pure enjoyment of what they are doing. No fretting over things like taking days off work to be there. No lengthy/expensive travel arrangements, expensive licenses or outfitter fees. And no dealing with the added stress of demanding terrain or conditions. Hunting small game is simple and simply a damn good time!

Depending on what part of the country you are hunting, the varieties of game can be as diverse as our hunting fields are becoming. (See, I did it again!). In many places, squirrels are the chief small game. There are several types that are commonly hunted but the Fox, Grey, and Red (known as “pine squirrels” in the Northwest) are the most common. The Southwestern Albert’s Squirrel not very far behind. Melanistic examples are very highly regarded trophies in some places.

SMALL GAME SAFARIRabbits rank right behind the squirrels in the hierarchy of small game. Like squirrels, there are several varieties. The Cottontail (both Eastern & Western) is the most plentiful. The Snowshoe hare is probably the next most hunted. In its winter coloration, it is a desirable trophy in its own right. The least hunted is likely the Jack Rabbit of the Western deserts and sage flats. Though it is certainly hunted and is, in my opinion, very underrated as a game animal.

There are many sportsmen and sportswomen who also classify grouse and other upland game birds as small game. This is done because in some locales they are not hunted in typical upland game bird fashion and are instead hunted like any other typical small game quarry. Suffice it to say that there are people who do it and so it must be mentioned if this article is to paint the whole picture for the uninitiated. The most common version of this would be the hunting of mountain grouse in the Rockies with pistols and small caliber rifles. They are often taken on the ground and without the aid of hunting dogs.

SMALL GAME SAFARIAnother form of small game hunting is the shooting of ground squirrels and prairie dogs. While this could be viewed as “pest removal” or “varmint hunting”, I believe that like upland bird hunting, how you conduct the hunt can place this squarely into the realm of small game hunting.

The title of this article mentions the word “safari”. Yes, I’m aware that Safari is not a word that people readily associate with small game. However, many locations have several species of small game animals that live in close proximity to each other. On a dedicated small game hunt, a hunter could take a quite diverse bag of game.

This will vary by region, but let’s use Colorado as an example. An enterprising and eager hunter could begin early in the morning on the Eastern plains and be shooting prairie dogs and Cottontail rabbits. Then drive west into the Ponderosa Pines of the lower slopes just West of the foothills and hunt Albert’s squirrels. From there one could keep going West until they were above the tree line and into the tundra where ptarmigan and marmots can be hunted. Finally, one could drop down into the high desert of the Western Slope and hunt Jackrabbits. Yes, this would make for a long day, but if it doesn’t deserve the name “Safari”, then I don’t know what does.

SMALL GAME SAFARIIt’s easy for more seasoned hunters to feel that they are above or too advanced to spend time hunting small game. I too fell into that mindset for quite some time. However, for me, small game hunting opened up opportunities to hone skills with alternate types of hunting arms such as handguns, muzzleloaders, & muzzleloading handguns (if I’m feeling frisky). Most recently, I have become addicted to the use of muzzleloading shotguns. Please reference my previous article posted for more information on that practice. I will cover the use of handguns (of all types) as pertains to hunting in a later article in detail. So, please stay tuned.

My discovery of the fun of using these “alternate” arms to hunt small game also had the added benefit of my discovering them at about the time my son was old enough to begin to accompany me.

Some of the fondest memories that I’ll ever make in the hunting fields have come from this revelation and practice. There is nothing like seeing the excitement in his eyes when a squirrel barks at us, unseen, from the trees. I highly encourage you to get out there and make some of these wonderful memories of your own!

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An avid outdoorsman and lover of all things "gun". Main interests include Blackpowder and muzzleloading arms followed closely by handguns. Glenn is a school certified gunsmith and works in the firearms industry as well as being a military veteran who served in the USMC & US Army Infantry.