With the passage of Senate Bill 344 into law, it is now legal to pick up and possess the skulls and horns of bighorn sheep that died of natural causes. Those who recover horns and/or skulls must report the find to Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks within 48 hours and present it to FWP for inspection and plugging within 10 days. The fee for inspection and plugging is $25.

Recovery of bighorn skulls and horns is still prohibited at Montana State Parks and the Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge. In addition, certain restrictions may apply to National Parks and other National Fish & Wildlife Service lands; these land management agencies should be contacted directly about any restrictions.

Recovered bighorn sheep skulls and horns may not be sold, bartered or purchased and may not be transferred to another person without a permit issued from FWP. FWP may suspend the recovery of horns and skulls in an area if a disease-related die-off event occurs. Natural caused death does not include animals that were accidentally killed, captured, taken or struck by a vehicle.

The term “horn” means the hollow horn sheath of a male mountain sheep, either attached to the skull or separated from the skull. Those who find a bighorn sheep skull can call the FWP regional headquarters, area offices to report their find.

Unlawful recovery and possession of horns and skulls from mountain sheep can result in a significant fine. Up to $30,000 in restitution, imprisonment, and the potential forfeiture of current Montana licenses. Also the privilege thereof for a period of time set by the court.

As a reminder, Montana’s Wildlife Management Units open May 15; please remember that Montana law prohibits the capture, feeding, possession and harassment of wildlife—both game and nongame species.

You can read Senate Bill 344 in its entirety here.

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